The Ngorongoro Conservation Area has vast stretches of highland meadows, grassland, savanna forests, and woods. It includes the magnificent Ngorongoro Crater, the world’s largest caldera, and was established in 1959 as a distinct land use region, with natural life coexisting with semi-itinerant Maasai pastoralists practicing traditional animal brushing. Because of the existence of globally threatened species, the abundance of natural life in the area, and the yearly migration of wildebeest, zebra, gazelles, and other animals into the northern fields, the property has global significance for biodiversity preservation.

Archeological research has also uncovered a large list of evidence of human evolution and human-climate factors, including early monkey impressions dating back 3.6 million years.

The Ngorongoro Crater, the world’s largest dormant, perfect, and unfilled volcano caldera, is the centerpiece of the Ngorongoro Conservation Authority. The 610-meter-deep crater was formed when a gigantic spring of pouring lava erupted and imploded on itself a few million years ago, and its floor encompasses 260 square kilometers (100 square miles). The height of the first lava well has been estimated to be between 4,500 and 5,800 meters (14,800 and 19,000 ft). The depth of the hole is 1,800 meters (5,900 feet) below sea level. Seven Natural Wonders of Africa voted the hole as one of the Seven Natural Wonders of Africa in Arusha, Tanzania, in February 2013.

What to Expect in Ngorongoro Crater

Oldupai or Olduvai Gorge

The Oldupai or Olduvai Gorges, located in the fields region, are also protected by the Ngorongoro Conservation Area. It is regarded as the birthplace of mankind following the discovery of the earliest known representatives of the human family, Homo habilis, as well as early hominidae, such as Paranthropus boisei.

The Olduvai Valley is a steep-sided gorge in the Great Rift Valley, which runs east to west through Africa. Olduvai is a 50-kilometer (31-mile) long crater on the eastern Serengeti Plains in northern Tanzania. It is the driest part of the region, lying in the rain shadow of the Ngorongoro excellent countries.  The crevice is named after the Maasai word ‘Oldupaai,’ which refers to the wild sisal plant.


Ugulates, for the most part, dwell in pits. The dark rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis michaeli), whose local population has dropped from around 108 in 1964-66 to between 11–14 in 1995, the African bison or Cape wild ox (Syncerus caffer), and the black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis michaeli) are among the large vertebrates in the cavity (Hippopotamus amphibius). There are also a variety of ungulates, including the blue wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus) (7,000 in 1994), Grant’s zebra (Equus quagga boehmi) (4,000), normal eland (Taurotragus oryx), and Grant’s (Nanger granti) and Thomson’s gazelles (Eudorcas thomsonii) gazelles (3,000). Waterbucks (Kobus ellipsiprymnus) are mostly found near the Lerai Forest.

Giraffes, impalas (Aepyceros melampus), topis (Damaliscus lunatus), oribis (Ourebia oribi), and crocodiles are all missing (Crocodylus niloticus).

The cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus raineyi), the East African wild canine (Lycaon pictus lupinus), and the African panther (Panthera pardus) are all rare sightings.

Despite the fact that it is considered a “typical fenced in area” for a diverse range of natural life, during the wet season, 20 percent or more of the wildebeest and a large portion of the zebra populations leave, while Cape bison (Syncerus caffer) remain; their highest numbers are during the stormy season.

Accommodation in Ngorongoro

Ngorongoro Lion`s Paw

Ngorongoro Rhino Lodge

Ngorongoro Serena lodge